Diabetics have high blood sugar level due to which considerable restriction is imposed on their eating habits. Carbohydrates and sugars are completely eliminated from their diet when blood glucose levels rise at abnormal level. The widely accepted American Diabetic Association Diet recommends intake of fruits and vegetables regularly. Dairy products devoid of fats and carbohydrates are also allowed to consume in moderate amounts. In this article we shall present you a sample fruit diet for diabetes patients.
Fruits to Avoid for Diabetics
Many people believe that incorporation of fruits in their diet helps to bring down blood glucose levels. If you think on the same lines, then you must plan your fruit diet wisely. This is because not all fruits are safe for you. Some fruits have high percentage of sugars and the calorie contained in them in considerably high. The fruits that you must avoid are:
The fruits that have been listed in the aforementioned content are rich in sugars and should be avoided as much as possible. However, you can have their juice once a while because juicing reduces the sugar content. If you have planned to go on a fruit diet, then you can follow this diet plan.
Fruit Diet For Diabetes: Menu
Begin your day with a glass of lemon juice and 1/3rd teaspoon of honey.
Have a glass of fresh apple juice or a whole raw apple.
Assort a plate with blackberries, dragon fruits and watermelons.
You can also prepare a mixed juice from all these fruits.
Juice out papaya and guava. Blend them and have fresh.
Prepare fruit salad from nectarine, honeydew melons and peaches.
Take a pulpy delight by mixing sapodilla and grapefruits
You can have orange juice or cubes of sweet lime as well.
Have smoothie prepared from apricots, apples and skimmed milk.
Treat yourself with blueberries, guavas and peaches.
You can also have apples in boiled form for dinner.
A glass of juice prepared from grapefruits and sweet limes.
Fruit Recipes for Diabetics
Raw: Cut slices of the fruits that are considered to be safe. You can garnish with zest of lemon and pepper, but no sugar.
Smoothie: Prepare the smoothies with skimmed milk. Add minimal jaggery, honey or unsweetened sugar (Splenda) for developing the sweet taste.
Juice: Have fresh juices. Combine two or more fruits, chill them and then drink.
Fruit dish recipes are very limited for diabetes patients as addition of creams, cheese and butter is strictly restricted. Having them in fresh form probably brings about the best results. Those who are in a weight loss diet can have those pulpy fruits in boiled form as well. You can also make pies and cakes, but make sure they are devoid of sugar and simple carbohydrates.
Benefits of Fruit Diet
Fruits are rich in antioxidants, that detoxifies your body from harmful toxins and free radicals.
The fat content of fruits is also very low which relieves you from the worry of weight gain.
Fruits are also rich in vitamins, minerals and amino acids. These compounds reduce absorption of glucose.
Apple is one of those essential fruits that effectively reduces blood glucose levels.
Fruits are rich in pectin and galacturonic acid, which are necessary for improvement of your health.
Vitamin B1, an active component of fruits, protects brain cells from damage.
Citrus fruits are rich in calcium, which is effective in preventing absorption of glucose.
Guava, being rich in fiber is always suggested to diabetics. Fiber also lowers blood glucose level.
The fruit diet for diabetics explained in the content above can also be used as a weight loss diet. However, do not consume canned fruit juices as they are artificially sweetened and preserved. Apart from fruits, also include plenty of fresh green vegetables, fibers and proteins in your diet. Blood sugar levels can be controlled effectively only when your diet is perfect.
Diabetes, as we know, is a lifelong medical condition in which glucose (type of sugar) circulating in the blood is abnormally high. People say that diabetes is a life limiting disease but that is absolutely untrue because diabetics can also lead a fulfilling life, provided they adhere to certain dietary restrictions. What one eats during diabetes is very important as it influences blood sugar levels. No wonder, it is rightly said that sensible food choices can go a long way in keeping a fleet of health complications associated with diabetes, miles away.
What diabetics eat plays a significant role in controlling blood sugar. The right food choices will allow you to take charge of your health, in spite of suffering from chronic ailments like diabetes. When it comes to dietary changes for diabetics, one simply cannot forget to mention about fruits and vegetables for diabetes. Being a rich source of vitamins and minerals, they form an inseparable part of a diabetic diet. Foods high in carbohydrates are said to elevate blood sugar levels. Simple carbohydrates are the ones that can increase sugar in blood when eaten in excess amounts. Simple carbohydrates get easily converted into sugar in the body, which can lead to sudden rise in blood glucose levels. Therefore one should ensure that daily meals should comprise only a small percentage of simple carbohydrates. It is advised that every meal of diabetics should not contain more than 45-75 grams of carbohydrates.
A point to note that certain foodstuffs, despite containing complex carbohydrates cause drastic rise in blood sugar levels. Keeping this in mind, instead of looking for simple or complex carbohydrates, one should switch over to whole grain carbohydrates as they are never easy to digest, which prevent spike in blood sugar levels. The best sources of whole grain carbohydrates are brown rice, bran cereals and whole grain pasta.
Fruits for Diabetes
When it comes to fruits for diabetics, one should select those that are low in sugar. Whatever fruit you consume, make sure that it is low in simple carbohydrates. In any case, the fruit serving size should not have more than 15 grams of carbohydrates. Some of the fruits that can be added in diabetes diet are given below:
Citrus fruits such as oranges and limes
Although, strawberries are low in sugar, overeating has to be avoided. For instance, 1¼ cup (approximately 180 grams) strawberries has 15 gm of carbohydrates. Eating more than this specified amount can raise your sugar levels, which is not good for diabetic patients.
Vegetables for Diabetes
Recent studies showed that addition of green vegetables in the diet can reduce the chances of developing diabetes. This clearly suggests how beneficial can green leafy vegetables be in controlling diabetes. Onions and tomatoes being low in carbohydrates can also be included in the diet. Some of the green vegetables that can not only alleviate the risk of diabetes but also contribute in managing this medical condition successfully are given below:
Bitter gourd (bitter melon)
Mustard and turnip greens
Fruits and Vegetables to Avoid
There is no doubt that fruits are a good source of essential nutrients, which can certainly help diabetics to lead a healthy life. However, certain fruits need to be discarded from the diet even though they are high in nutritional value. This is because the sugar content in these fruits is abnormally high and so including them in the diet can make it extremely difficult to manage diabetes. These fruits are naturally too sweet and hence, doctors often warn diabetics to avoid it or eat it in small portions. Some of these are given below:
Certain vegetables can also be troublesome for diabetics, especially when their daily consumption is more than normal. These are starchy vegetables loaded with complex carbohydrates that can raise blood sugar in the body. Hence, one should either avoid or restrict their consumption to keep diabetes under control. Following is a list of starchy vegetables:
In order to combat diabetes, besides a healthy diet, one should devote some time in following an exercise routine. Well, it doesn’t always mean hitting the gym to burn sugar. A 40-45 minutes of brisk walking daily can also benefit in improving and managing diabetes effectively. In fact, light exercise after lunch and dinner is a natural method to regulate blood sugar.
It is important to maintain a proper blood sugar level in the blood for maintaining proper health. In today’s fast paced lifestyle we tend to give less importance to health to be ahead in the race. It may result in achieving the goal without realizing the loss or real wealth, and which is one’s health. Hence, it has become extremely important to take proper care of one’s health.
Blood Sugar Levels Explained
Blood sugar level is nothing but the level of blood glucose in our bodies. Our bodies produce this glucose from ingested carbohydrates. This glucose is necessary for essential bodily functions. They are like power houses which provide energy to the tissues, nervous system and the brain. The intestine helps to absorb this glucose directly into the bloodstream, hence increasing the blood glucose level. Now, to make sure that this blood glucose level does not increase rapidly, the pancreas produces insulin to keep its levels low.
Blood Sugar Levels in Diabetics
Blood sugar is normally measured in molecular count for which the unit is mmol/l which is millimoles per liter. It is also measured as per weight in grams, and it’s unit is mg/dl which is milligrams per deciliter. In quite a few countries the unit for measuring the blood glucose levels is mg/dl. For a normal non-diabetic person, the blood sugar level is stable at 4-8 mmol/l. For each and every person this level tends to increase after a meal and is recorded the lowest in mornings. The normal blood sugar levels in diabetics can be anything between 70-140 mg/dl. The difference is hard to interpret on the basis of gender though. Hence, it is important to keep this value somewhere within the range.
High blood sugar is when the sugar level is more than normal. There may be many reasons for the increase in blood sugar levels. It can be either intake of too much of calories, an illness or injury, surgery, or if a person has stopped taking insulin or pills. It is really important to keep a watch on sugar levels. Even a single skipped dose of missed insulin pill can cause your blood sugar level to rise. High blood sugar levels in diabetics is anything more than 180 mg/dl.
Low blood sugar is when the blood glucose level falls below normal. It is most likely to get a low blood glucose level reading when your food intake is relatively low, when you exert a lot, do a lot of exercise and also if you take a lot of insulin pills. Hence, the blood sugar levels in diabetics is low when the blood glucose level is less than 70 mg/dl.
Fasting in diabetes means that the patient has not eaten for approximately eight hours and then the blood sugar levels are monitored. Hence, the blood sugar level normally must be anywhere between 70 to 100 mg/dl or 3.9 to 5.5 mmol/l. If you get a constant blood glucose reading of more than 100 mg/dl to 130 mg/dl, it is a stage of pre-diabetics and there is a need for you to control it, to keep away from diabetes.
To monitor your blood sugar, it is best to get a glucose level testing kit at home, and with the help of it you can keep your blood glucose levels under control. These kits also come with a sugar levels chart for you to understand the readings better. Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are conditions caused by high blood glucose levels and low blood glucose levels respectively. Both are immensely harmful to our bodies. Hence, to lead a healthy and diabetic-free life it is important to monitor and keep blood sugar levels under control.
Human body requires glucose for the production of energy and carbohydrates are the main source of glucose. Scarcity of glucose can affect body metabolism seriously. Glucose in blood is commonly known as blood sugar. Not only low glucose levels but elevated glucose levels also can lead to serious health complications, for example, diabetes and stroke. If serious fluctuations in the levels of blood sugar are not treated promptly, they can prove to be fatal.
Blood Sugar and Diabetes
If you notice symptoms like excessive thirst and hunger, excessive urination, low energy, weight loss, a wound not healing quickly (despite medications), etc. you should consult your physician. Blood tests help diagnose diabetes. Blood sugar is checked twice, first after fasting for about 8 hours (generally overnight) and then two hours after lunch. The first one is known as fasting blood sugar level and the latter is known as postprandial blood sugar level. Blood sugar measured randomly, at any time of the day is referred to as random blood sugar. Insulin, produced by pancreas plays an important role in the process of absorption of glucose by the cells. Dysfunction of the beta cells of the pancreas results in insulin deficiency. This adversely affects the process of breakdown of glucose and leads to an abnormal rise in blood sugar levels. This condition is known as type 1 diabetes.
Sometimes body cells don’t respond to insulin, and do not absorb glucose present in blood. This results in high blood glucose levels. The condition is known as insulin resistance or it is also referred to as type 2 diabetes. Increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, nausea, excessive fatigue, blurred vision, frequent infections, weight loss, dry mouth, slowly-healing wounds, tingling sensation, numbness in fingers are some of the commonly noticed symptoms of diabetes. Significantly high blood sugar indicates hyperglycemia and abnormally low blood glucose levels indicate hypoglycemia.
Low Blood Glucose Levels
Blood Glucose Levels Readings (mg/dL)
Normal 70 – 140
Hypoglycemia (Initial Stage) Below 70
Hypoglycemia (Fasting) 50
Insulin Shock Less than 50
High Blood Glucose Levels
Blood Sugar Levels Fasting Values Post Meal Value: 2 hrs after the Meal
Normal 70 – 100 mg/dL Less than 140 mg/dL
Early Diabetes 101 – 126 mg/dL 140 – 200 mg/dL
Diabetes More than 126 mg/dL More than 200 mg/dL
Normal Blood Sugar Levels
Chart for Women
Blood Sugar Readings (mg/dL)
Normal Blood Sugar Range 70 to 140
Post Meal Value: 2 hrs after the Meal may rise up to 135 to 145
Post Meal Value: 1 hour after the Meal may rise up to 180
Random Blood Sugar 70 to 140
Normal Fasting Blood Sugar 70 to 100
Chart for Men
Blood Sugar Readings (mg/dL)
Normal Blood Sugar Range 70 to 140
Fasting Blood Sugar Range 70 to 100
Post Meal Value: 2 hrs after the Meal may rise up to 140
Random Blood Sugar 70 to 125
Blood Sugar Levels Chart for Kids and Adults
Blood Sugar Kids Adults
Normal 70 – 100 mg/dL 70 – 140 mg/dL
Low Below 70 mg/dL Below 70 mg/dL
High Over 140 mg/dL Over 180 mg/dL
You must have noticed that the normal blood glucose levels for men and women are slightly different. A diabetic person or a person who is diagnosed with borderline diabetes (prediabetes) should follow a diabetic diet to control the levels of glucose in blood. He/she should incorporate low glycemic foods, low-fat foods, low-calorie foods in regular diet. A diabetic person needs to monitor blood glucose levels regularly. He/she can control blood sugar level with the help of diet and exercise. Avoiding refined carbohydrates which cause sudden rise and fall in blood sugar level and incorporating complex carbohydrates that help maintain normal blood sugar level in diet is essential. Regular exercise, prompt medications and balanced diet help stabilize blood sugar levels. If you notice high or low blood sugar, you should consult your doctor immediately.
The blood sugar levels are the levels of glucose present in the blood. The body requires energy at all times of the day. This energy comes in the form of glucose that is present and circulating in the blood. This glucose is directly taken up through the blood and used by the cell for its various activities. However, there certain levels at which the blood glucose needs to be maintained. These are known as normal blood sugar levels. The normal blood sugar levels in children and adults vary only slightly. Given below are details regarding the normal blood glucose level in children.
Normal Blood Sugar Range for Children
The normal blood sugar range for children is slightly lower than that seen in adults. Most doctors advise you to check your child’s blood sugar levels before meals. This is because the measurement of blood sugar before a meal is far more accurate as against blood sugar measurements after a meal. The reason for this is, the amount of blood glucose and insulin secreted will depend on the type of meal consumed and so, depending on whether it was a very high fat meal or a high fiber meal, the results may slightly vary in nature compared to the normal range blood sugar levels. Given below are details regarding the same.
Normal Blood Sugar Ranges for Kids Charts
Time of Test Blood sugar (gm/dl)
Fasting levels 70 – 110
Immediately post prandial < 130
Two hours after a meal < 100
Age of Child Blood sugar (gm/dl)
School children 70 – 100
Young adults 70 – 120
High Blood Sugar Levels
There are certain conditions wherein the blood sugar of a child may be very high. Sometimes, this may be a one off case of hyperglycemia, due to a high calorie last meal. So, you need to go in for multiple tests, wherein the results must state that the blood test results are consistently high, for the case to be diagnosed as a hyperglycemic. There are many causes for high blood sugar levels in children. The preventable causes of abnormal blood sugar levels in children include a sedentary lifestyle, high calorie food intake, etc. However, there are certain conditions wherein lifestyle alone may not be a factor for high blood glucose levels. In some cases, the child may be suffering from what is known as type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune condition leading to destruction of the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This condition is also known as juvenile diabetes. For this condition, the child needs to take insulin injections to meet the body’s demand for this hormone and to stay close to the normal blood sugar levels in healthy kids
Low Blood Sugar Ranges
When there is decreased blood glucose, then it leads to low blood sugar symptoms in children. This is a condition which may be caused due to malnourishment or it may even be due to the child going into an insulin shock. When a person is suffering from diabetes, he tends to take insulin injections at regular intervals. However, if he overdoses at any given point of time, then it may lead to very low blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia. The treatment for this condition is to always ensure that the person does not overdose on his insulin shots and that he eats frequent small meals.
The body of a child is very adaptable and so, even if there are slight fluctuations and deviations from the normal blood sugar levels in children, their body manages to compensate for it. However, if symptoms of abnormal blood sugar levels start showing, then it is best to visit the doctor and get the condition diagnosed and treated at the earliest.
The Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT/GTT) is used to diagnose diabetes. The test is also helpful in monitoring glucose levels in persons diagnosed with diabetes. Measurement of blood sugar (also known as blood glucose) plays an important role in designing treatment; if you are diagnosed with a disease or a disorder. Though this test is not regularly ordered to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes in normal patients, it is still widely used to measure blood sugar levels in pregnant women. The test helps diagnose gestational diabetes. Here follows more information on OGTT.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Generally, if a person shows symptoms of diabetes or prediabetes, like increased thirst/hunger, increased urination, increased fatigue, slow healing infections, blurred vision, confusion, anxiety, trembling, etc.; then blood glucose levels are checked. Screening of glucose is done in various ways, by testing fasting blood glucose (glucose level checked after 8 hours overnight fasting), postprandial blood glucose (glucose level checked 2 hours after lunch), random blood glucose (glucose level checked anytime during the day), Intravenous Glucose Tolerance Test (IGTT) and OGTT (which is performed in several ways), etc.
If you are asked to undergo an OGTT, then you should not eat or drink anything after midnight. When you approach the doctor, your blood will be taken and then you will be asked to drink a sweet liquid containing (usually) 75 gm of glucose. To diagnose gestational diabetes, pregnant women are given 100 gm of glucose. You are not supposed to eat anything during the test. The test may take up to 3 hours and your blood will be taken 4-5 times every 30 to 60 minutes after you drink the liquid.
You are supposed to eat normally for several days before the test and your diet should contain 150-200 gm carbohydrates per day for three days before the test. In the morning, before the test, smoking or even drinking a cup of coffee is not allowed. If you are suffering from any type of illness (even common cold), if you are taking any medicines, you should postpone the test as this could affect the test results. Test results for a normal, active, healthy person would be considered as reliable.
If you don’t have diabetes, then blood glucose levels rise after taking the glucose solution and then fall quickly. But if you have diabetes, a higher than normal rise in glucose levels is seen and the high glucose levels fail to come down as fast as would have come down in a normal person. Those who don’t have high blood glucose levels like diabetics and not as normal levels as healthy people, are said to have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). This condition is known as prediabetes. With proper diet, regular exercise and certain medicines, onset of diabetes can be delayed or prevented.
Fasting Blood Sugar Level Chart
The following fasting blood sugar level chart will help you know about normal and abnormal blood sugar levels.
Type of Test Normal Range Prediabetes Diabetes
Fasting Blood Sugar Levels 70-100 mg/dL 100-125 mg/dL Above 126 mg/dL
Postprandial Blood Sugar Levels Up to 140 mg/dL 140-200 mg/dL Above 200 mg/dL
Random Blood Sugar Levels Up to 140 mg/dL 140-200 mg/dL Above 200 mg/dL
Glucose Test: Normal Values
Normal fasting blood sugar level should be between 60-100 mg/dL. After taking the glucose drink the level may rise up to 200 mg/dL within one hour. The following chart shows normal values for OGTT sample drawn 2 hours after having a 75-gram glucose drink:
Glucose Levels Indication
Less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) Normal glucose tolerance
From 140 to 200 mg/dL (7.8 to 11.1 mmol/L) Impaired glucose tolerance (prediabetes)
Over 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) on more than one testing occasion Diabetes
OGTT During Pregnancy
The following chart shows normal values for OGTT (performed to diagnose gestational diabetes) sample after having a 100-gram glucose drink:
Time of Sample Collection Target Level
Fasting glucose level (before drinking glucose drink) 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L)
One hour after having the drink 180 mg/dL (10.0 mmol/L)
Two hours after having the drink 155 mg/dL (8.6 mmol/L)
Three hours after having the drink 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L)
Note: mg/dL = milligrams per deciliter and mmol/L = millimoles/liter.
The woman is said to have developed gestational diabetes when two or more values meet or exceed the target levels.
Side effects of this test are negligible. Sometimes, nurses find it difficult to obtain a blood sample; owing to the nature and size of the veins and arteries. Sometimes, there can be excessive bleeding or fainting. The patient may feel light-headed. Sometimes, blood may get accumulated under the skin or some patients may catch infection if the skin is broken. But, such cases are very rare. The test is helpful in diagnosing diabetes and prediabetes. I hope you found the information helpful.
The condition of high blood sugar levels is something that affects those suffering from diabetes. It is also present in pre-diabetics, but not as intense as in diabetics. Clinically, it is known as hyperglycemia. What happens is, when food gets digested, the carbohydrates in food get broken down into sugar molecules; glucose being one of them. Now this glucose is absorbed directly by the bloodstream. And when its level rises, it signals the pancreas to release the hormone known as insulin. This hormone does the work of causing the cells to absorb the glucose and use it to fuel the body. Whatever is left of the glucose is absorbed by the liver, to be used later. But when a person has diabetes, the body either does not produce enough insulin (type 1), or it develops a resistance against the effect of insulin (type 2). So as a result of this, blood sugar levels begin to build up in the bloodstream. And with time, this increase can lead to life-threatening complications.
Lower Your Blood Sugar Naturally
One of the most effective ways to bring down blood sugar level is by being active. Make it a point to do some kind of exercises everyday. You can either jog for about 10 – 20 minutes, or ride a bicycle (stationary or the real one), and even some skipping would help. But one aspect that has to be known is, as the blood glucose keeps on rising, it produces toxic acids known as ketones in the blood. And if this is the case, then it is recommended to avoid doing any exercise.
Another method is to drink plenty of water. Drink enough so that you feel the need to urinate often. This would help in flushing out the sugar from the bloodstream.
One herbal method to reduce blood glucose level is drinking green tea. This stuff has the quality to regulate the glucose in the body. And due to obvious reasons, drink it unsweetened.
Eating smaller meals a day also aids in the regulation of blood sugar. This method puts less strain on the intestines, the pancreas, and the digestive enzymes.
Being overweight worsens the complications of diabetes. But particularly, more belly fat not only increases the body’s resistance to insulin, but also increases risk of heart diseases. So choose a proper work out plan to deal with this problem area.
Foods with low glycemic index (GI) help keep blood glucose levels stabilized. It is recommended to go for foods whose GI is lower than 50, do good for the condition. Some of these foods may include:
Lettuce (all varieties)
Another important aspect is to know what foods to avoid. The main ones may include those that are high in sugar, high fat foods, and alcohol. To make it more specific here is a list.
High sugar fruits such as dates, bananas, figs, persimmons, grapes and mangoes
Even fiber rich foods helps keep blood sugar under check. These foods are especially beneficial for type 1 diabetes. Such foods are digested with a slower pace in the body thus, keeping the blood sugar levels from spiking up.
So this was about natural methods to help lower blood sugar levels. But it is also a must to follow the doctor’s recommendation. If he/she prescribes any medication to help keep down the numbers, then follow the course diligently. Taking medication regularly, as advised and following all such natural methods, does provide appreciable results in the long run.