Diabetes is characterised by high levels of glucose in the blood; the higher the glucose level in the blood the more a person is close to damaging his or her nerves as well as blood vessels that are spread throughout the body. High glucose level increases the vulnerability of the body to experience various health problems and decreases the body’s ability to fight infections. The foremost key to preventing frequent visits to the doctor includes regular check-ups and maintenance of blood sugar levels. The following are symptoms of late stage diabetes:
Late stage diabetes is popularly known as diabetic nephrology i.e. kidney disease caused by diabetes, whereby the victim does not realise when the bladder is full. This leads the victim to not urinate whenever necessary and hence give rise to health problems such as urinary tract infections, cloudy urine, blood or foul smelling urine, frequent urination, chills, fever and back pain.
About 35 percent of women and 75 percent of men with diabetes have sexual problems that may either be caused by circulation problems or nerve damage. Sexual problems in women include decreased vaginal lubrication, difficulty in becoming aroused, increased frequency of vaginal infections and fewer orgasms. Men may experience problem in getting an erection though the sex drive will remain normal; this problem is medically known as erectile dysfunction or impotence.
The most prominent cause of gastrointestinal problem/s in diabetes is the delay in emptying the stomach after eating; it affects at least 40% of diabetics. Symptoms of the upper gastrointestinal include a feeling of fullness upon eating, heartburn, bloating and abdominal pain, anorexia, reflux and vomiting of the undigested food. The lower gastrointestinal problems may vary from diarrhoea to constipation.
Diabetics are vulnerable to infections of the skin owing to poor circulation from nerve damage; this gives rise to slow healing of wounds and skin ulcers. Some of the signs of infection include stubborn sores, redness, pus, tenderness, swelling etc.
Lower leg and foot problems
Diabetes causes people to lose sensation in the legs and feet, feel pain in the legs after exercising and feel pain in the legs and feet at night. Diabetics may also have chronically cold feet especially at night. The skin of the lower legs and feet may look hairless and shiny. Furthermore, sores, bruises, swelling and tenderness in the feet may be observed.